Circular cause and consequence

Name of fallacy Circular cause and consequence
Type Inductive Argument, Informal Argument
Description Where the consequence of the phenomenon is claimed to be its root cause
Example For example: Expectation of economic downturn causes people to spend less, which reduces demand, causing economic downturn.
Treatment This fallacy is addressed by examining the root cause:
1) Asking what came first?
2) Proposing a mechanism for the proposed cause and effect
3) Testing the proposed cause and effect