Circular cause and consequence

Name of fallacy Circular cause and consequence
Type Inductive Argument, Informal Argument
Description Where the consequence of the phenomenon is claimed to be its root cause. There are legitimate cause and effect feedback loops. The problem is identifying the root cause.
Example Expectation of economic downturn cause people to spend less, which reduces demand, causing economic downturn.
Treatment This fallacy is addressed by examining the root cause:
1) Asking which came first?
2) Proposing a machanism for the propsed cause and effect
3) Testing the proposed cause and effect